Iran som et offer for det 20. århundre: 1900 fram til ettervirkningen av Andre Verdenskrig
Iran as a Twentieth Century Victim: 1900 Through the Aftermath of World War II
In the first half of the twentieth century, Russia and Britain forced Iran to relinquish its sovereign rights, and the Iranian people suffered severely as a consequence. As many as 10 million Iranians perished in WWI from famine and disease which was largely Britain's fault.
Iran was once a great power, and though invaded by Greeks, Arabs, Turks, and Mongols and exploited by imperialist powers in the modern era, it has continued to assert its national identity and its people have developed a special sensitivity to interference with its sovereign rights. (In the outside world Iran was known as "Persia" until 1935, although people within the country used the term "Iran." This article will use the term "Iran" except when using actual names or quoting from other sources.) This concern on the part of Iran does not represent some overwrought sensitivity but is actually a realistic assessment of its history over the past century, as this article will delineate. While professing idealistic principles in international relations, European powers ignored these principles in their violations of Iran's sovereign rights, which in at least one case led to human suffering on par with the most tragic events of the twentieth Century.
During the nineteenth century, Russia and Britain competed for power and influence in Central Asia, in what was known as the Great Game. Needless to say, it was neither great nor a game for those countries, such as Iran, which were treated like pawns on a chessboard by the two great powers. By the turn of the twentieth century, Russia had come to dominate the northern part of Iran while Britain dominated the south. The two powers formalized this division in the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907, which segmented Iran into three parts - a Russian zone in the north, in which Russia was to have exclusive political and economic control; a British zone in the southeast, in which Britain had the sole right to exercise political and economic control; and a neutral "buffer" zone in the rest of the country, in which both the British and the Russians shared power.
Murray Head - One Night In Bangkok "From CHESS" - Varighet: 3:57.